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Sheikh, T and Gupta, P and Gowda, P and Patrick, S and Sen, E (2018) Hexokinase 2 and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 transcriptionally coactivate xanthine oxidoreductase expression in stressed glioma cells. J Biol Chem, 293 (13). pp. 4767-4777.

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Abstract

A dynamic network of metabolic adaptations, inflammatory responses, and redox homeostasis is known to drive tumor progression. A considerable overlap among these processes exists, but several of their key regulators remain unknown. To this end, here we investigated the role of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β in connecting these processes in glioma cells. We found that glucose starvation sensitizes glioma cells to IL-1β-induced apoptosis in a manner that depended on reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although IL-1β-induced JNK had no effect on cell viability under glucose deprivation, it mediated nuclear translocation of hexokinase 2 (HK2). This event was accompanied by increases in the levels of sirtuin 6 (SIRT6), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), and xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR). SIRT6 not only induced ROS-mediated cell death but also facilitated nuclear Nrf2-HK2 interaction. Recruitment of the Nrf2-HK2 complex to the ARE site on XOR promoter regulated its expression. Importantly, HK2 served as transcriptional coactivator of Nrf2 to regulate XOR expression, indicated by decreased XOR levels in siRNA-mediated Nrf2 and HK2 knockdown experiments. Our results highlight a non-metabolic role of HK2 as transcriptional coactivator of Nrf2 to regulate XOR expression under conditions of proinflammatory and metabolic stresses. Our insights also underscore the importance of nuclear activities of HK2 in the regulation of genes involved in redox homeostasis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 06:40
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2018 06:40
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/427

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