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Ghosh, S and Basu, A (2016) Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in India: The Changing Scenario. Annals of Neuroscience, 23 (3). pp. 131-133.

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Abstract

Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) is characterized by an acute onset of fever and clinical neurological manifestation that includes mental confusion, disorientation, delirium, or coma [1] . Viruses have been mainly attributed to be the cause of AES in India although other sources such as bacteria, fungus, parasites, spirochetes, chemical, and toxins have been reported over the past few decades [1] . Apart from viral encephalitis, severe form of leptospirosis and toxoplasmosis can cause AES. The causative agent of AES varies with season and geographical location, and predominantly affects population below 15 years [1] . Keeping in mind the wide range of causal agents and the rapid rate of neurological impairment due to pathogenesis, clinicians face the challenge of a small window period between diagnosis and treatment. The present report is based on results obtained after reviewing various surveillance and outbreak investigations illustrating how the perspective of AES has changed in India over the years.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 09:15
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2018 09:54
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/87

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