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Gupta, P and Ghosh, S and Nagarajan, A and Sen, Ellora (2013) β-defensin-3 negatively regulates TLR4-HMGB1 axis mediated HLA-G expression in IL-1β treated glioma cells. Cell Signal, 25 (3). pp. 682-689.

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The non-classical HLA class I antigen HLA-G contributes to immune escape mechanisms in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We have previously shown that IL-1β-HIF-1α axis connects inflammatory and oncogenic pathways in GBM. In this study, we investigated the role of IL-1β induced inflammation in regulating HLA-G expression. IL-1β increased HLA-G and Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in a HIF-1α dependent manner. Inhibition of TLR4 signaling abrogated IL-1β induced HLA-G. IL-1β increased HMGB1 expression and its interaction with TLR4. Inhibition of HMGB1 inhibited TLR4 and vice versa suggesting the existence of HMGB1-TLR4 axis in glioma cells. Interestingly, HMGB1 inhibition prevented IL-1β induced HLA-G expression. Elevated levels of HMGB1 and β-defensin 3 were observed in GBM tumors. Importantly, β-defensin-3 prevented IL-1β induced HLA-G, TLR4, HMGB1 expression and release of pro-inflammatory mediators. Our studies indicate that β-defensin-3 abrogates IL-1β induced HLA-G expression by negatively affecting key molecules associated with its regulation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 05 May 2017 07:14
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2021 09:03
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/79

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