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Saliu, Ibrahim Olabayode and Amoo, Zainab Abiola and Khan, Mohammad Faheem and Olaleye, M Tolulope and Velayudhan, Rema and Akinmoladun, Afolabi C (2021) Abatement of neurobehavioral and neurochemical dysfunctions in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit extract. J Ethnopharmacol, 264 (113284).

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Ethnopharmacological relevance: Tetrapleura tetraptera Taub. (family Fabaceae), is generally found in the lowland forest of tropical Africa. Its leaves and fruits are traditionally used in West Africa for the management of brain disorders. Aim of the study: This study evaluated the effect of Tetrapleura tetraptera methanol fruit extract (TT) on bilateral common carotid artery occlusion-induced cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in male Wistar rats. Materials and methods: Rats pretreated with TT for 7 days before a 30 min bilateral common carotid artery occlusion and reperfusion for 24 h were assessed for neurobehavioural deficits. Cortical, striatal and hippocampal oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory events, electrolyte imbalance and neurochemical dysfunctions, as well as hippocampal histopathological alterations, were also evaluated. HPLC-DAD analysis was performed to identify likely compounds contributing to the bioactivity of the extract. Results: TT reduced I/R-induced behavioral deficits and ameliorated I/R-induced oxidative stress by restoring reduced glutathione level, increasing catalase and superoxide dismutase activity, and also reducing both lipid peroxidation and xanthine oxidase activity in the brain. TT attenuated I/R-increased myeloperoxidase and lactate dehydrogenase activities as well as disturbances in Na+ and K+ levels. Alterations elicited by I/R in the activities of Na+/K+ ATPase, complex I, glutamine synthetase, acetylcholinesterase, and dopamine metabolism were abated by TT pretreatment. TT prevented I/R-induced histological changes in the hippocampus. HPLC-DAD analysis revealed the presence of aridanin, a marker compound for Tetrapleura tetraptera and other phytochemicals. Conclusions: These findings indicate that Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit has a protective potential against stroke through modulation of redox and electrolyte balance, attenuation of neurotransmitter dysregulation, and other neurochemical dysfunctions and could be a promising source for the discovery of bioactives for stroke therapy. Keywords: Tetrapleura tetraptera; aridanin; brain ischemia/reperfusion; neurobehavioral disorder; neurochemical dysregulation; stroke.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2020 04:59
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2021 07:07
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/702

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