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Prajapati, Bharat and Fatima, Mahar and Fatma, Mena and Maddhesiya, Priya and Arora, Himali and Naskar, Teesta and Devasenpathy, Subhashree and Seth, Pankaj and Sinha, Subrata (2020) Temporal Transcriptome Analysis of Neuronal Commitment Reveals the Preeminent Role of the Divergent Lncrna Biotype and a Critical Candidate Gene During Differentiation. Cell Death Discovery, 6 (1). p. 28.


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lncRNA genes can be genic or “intergenic”. “Genic” RNAs can be further divided into six biotypes. Through genome-wide analysis of a publicly available data set on corticogenesis, we found that the divergent lncRNA (XH) biotype, comprising the lncRNA and the coding gene being in opposite directions in a head-to-head manner, was most prominent during neural commitment. Within this biotype, a coding gene/divergent RNA pair of the BASP1 gene and the uncharacterized RNA loc285696 (hitherto referred as BASP1-AS1) formed a major HUB gene during neuronal differentiation. Experimental validation during the in vitro differentiation of human neural progenitor cells (hNPCs) showed that BASP1-AS1 regulates the expression of its adjacent coding gene, BASP1. Both transcripts increased sharply on the first day of neuronal differentiation of hNPCs, to fall steadily thereafter, reaching very low levels in differentiated neurons. BASP1-AS1 RNA and the BASP1 gene formed a molecular complex that also included the transcription factor TCF12. TCF12 is coded by the DYX1 locus, associated with inherited dyslexia and neurodevelopmental defects. Knockdown of BASP1-AS1, BASP1, or TCF12 impaired the neuronal differentiation of hNPCs, as seen by reduction in DCX and TUJ1-positive cells and by reduced neurite length. There was also increased cell proliferation. A common set of critical genes was affected by the three molecules in the complex. Our study thus identified the role of the XH biotype and a novel mediator of neuronal differentiation—the complex of BASP1-AS1, BASP1, and TCF12. It also linked a neuronal differentiation pathway to inherited dyslexia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 06 May 2020 04:59
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 06:31
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/692

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