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Naskar, Amit and Vattikonda, Anirudh and Deco, Gustavo and Roy, Dipanjan and Banerjee, Arpan (2018) Multiscale dynamic mean field (MDMF) model to relate resting state brain dynamics with local cortical excitatory-inhibitory neurotransmitter homeostasis in health and disease. BioRxiv. (In Press)

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Previous neuro-computational studies have established the connection of spontaneous resting-state brain activity with “large-scale” neuronal ensembles using dynamic mean field approach and showed the impact of local excitatory−inhibitory (E−I) balance in sculpting dynamical patterns. Here, we argue that whole brain models that link multiple scales of physiological organization namely brain metabolism that governs synaptic concentrations of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate on one hand and neural field dynamics that operate on the macroscopic scale. The multiscale dynamic mean field (MDMF) model captures the synaptic gating dynamics over a cortical macrocolumn as a function of neurotransmitter kinetics. Multiple MDMF units were placed in brain locations guided by an anatomical parcellation and connected by tractography data from diffusion tensor imaging. The resulting whole-brain model generates the resting-state functional connectivity and also reveal that optimal configurations of glutamate and GABA captures the dynamic working point of the brain, that is the state of maximum metsatability as observed in BOLD signals. To demonstrate test-retest reliability we validate the observation that healthy resting brain dynamics is governed by optimal glutamate-GABA configurations using two different brain parcellations for model set-up. Furthermore, graph theoretical measures of segregation (modularity and clustering coefficient) and integration (global efficiency and characteristic path length) on the functional connectivity generated from healthy and pathological brain network studies could be explained by the MDMF model. In conclusion, the MDMF model could relate the various scales of observations from neurotransmitter concentrations to dynamics of synaptic gating to whole-brain resting-state network topology in health and disease.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 11:46
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 05:35
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/674

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