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Saeed, U and Ray, A and Valli, RK and Kumar, AM and Ravindranath, V (2010) Dj-1 Loss by Glutaredoxin but Not Glutathione Depletion Triggers Daxx Translocation and Cell Death. Antioxid Redox Signal, 13 (2). pp. 127-144.

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Environmental and genetic causes are implicated in the etiopathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), a neurodegenerative movement disorder. DJ-1, a putative gene recessively linked to early onset PD, functions as an antioxidant, transcriptional co-activator, and molecular chaperone. We examined DJ-1 status following global perturbation of protein thiol homeostasis by depleting cellular antioxidant glutathione or downregulating glutaredoxin 1, a thiol disulfide oxidoreductase, wherein both paradigms generate oxidative stress. While these perturbations did not affect expression of DJ-1 mRNA, downregulation of glutaredoxin 1 but not glutathione depletion caused loss of DJ-1 protein, translocation of Daxx (a death-associated protein) from nucleus, and cell death. Overexpression of wild-type DJ-1, but not the cysteine mutants, prevented Daxx translocation and cytotoxicity. Protease inhibitors prevented constitutive DJ-1 loss. Residual DJ-1 was present in reduced state, indicating that DJ-1 when oxidized was degraded through proteolysis. Thus, loss of DJ-1 occurring through its oxidative modification and subsequent proteolysis mediated through dysregulation of thiol disulfide oxidoreductase may contribute to pathogenesis of sporadic PD, thus providing a link between environmental challenges and constitutive levels of this vital protein.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2020 11:07
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2020 11:07
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/627

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