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Saeed, Uzma and Karunakaran, Smitha and Meka, Durga Praveen and Koumar, Ratnacaram Chandrahaas and Ramakrishnan, Sujanitha and Joshi, Shanker Datt and Nidadavolu, Prakash and Ravindranath, Vijayalakshmi (2009) Redox Activated Map Kinase Death Signaling Cascade Initiated by Ask1 Is Not Activated in Female Mice Following Mptp: Novel Mechanism of Neuroprotection. Neurotox Res, 16 (2). pp. 116-126.

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Incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) is lower in women compared to men (1:1.46), which is reflected in animal models. However, precise mechanisms are unclear. Administration of MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine) to female mice does not lead to mitochondrial complex I inhibition as seen in males and the progressive dopaminergic cell loss in substantia nigra (SNpc) is significantly attenuated. Redox driven apoptotic signaling pathways regulated by thiol disulfide oxidoreductase(s) have been implicated in the neurodegeneration seen in PD. Oxidation of thioredoxin leads to activation of apoptosis signal regulating kinase 1 (ASK1; MAPKKK) initiating cell death cascade through MAP kinase(s). Higher constitutive expression of enzymes involved in cellular redox maintenance, such as glutathione reductase, thioredoxin, and thioredoxin reductase is observed in female brain. Exposure to MPTP activates ASK1 in male but not in female mice. Higher expression of Trx in females potentially prevents ASK1 activation. Downstream of ASK1, phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase is seen in male but not female mice. Expression of DJ-1, the redox sensing protein is higher in females and the loss of nuclear DJ-1, followed by translocation of Daxx (death associated protein) from the nucleus to the cytosol, which promotes ASK1 mediated death cascade is not seen in females. The enzymes involved in redox maintenance potentially could play a crucial role in preventing the activation of redox driven death signaling cascade and offer neuroprotection. Theraupeutic strategies that help maintain redox homeostasis may help prevent the progressive neurodegeneration seen in PD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2020 05:47
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 09:16
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/614

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