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Tewari, R and Sharma, V and Koul, N and Sen, Ellora (2008) Involvement of miltefosine-mediated ERK activation in glioma cell apoptosis through Fas regulation. J Neurochem, 107 (3). pp. 616-627.


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The anti-neoplastic property of alkyl phospholipids has been tested for the treatment of several malignancies. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of miltefosine (Hexadecylphosphocholine--an alkyl phospholipids analogue) on glioblastoma multiforme. In this study, we demonstrate that miltefosine-induced apoptosis is accompanied by elevated Fas, Fas-associated death domain (FADD) expression, caspase-8 activity and the increased distribution of Fas and FADD towards lipid raft microdomain to form death inducing signaling complex. Treatment with miltefosine resulted in increase in Ras, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38MAPK activity. Expression of dominant-negative Ras (Ras N17) attenuated miltefosine-mediated apoptosis. Although inhibition of both ERK and p38MAPK decreased the pro-apoptotic effects of miltefosine, it was the inhibition of ERK and not p38MAPK activation that decreased Fas and FADD expression. An ERK-dependent increase in the expression of gammaH2AX-involved in response to DNA double-stranded breaks was also observed. Taken together, our findings suggest the involvement of ERK activation in miltefosine-induced glioma cell apoptosis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2020 07:17
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2021 09:13
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/598

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