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Ravindranath, V and Kommaddi, RP and Pai, HV (2006) Unique cytochromes P450 in human brain: implication in disease pathogenesis. J Neural Transm Suppl, 70. pp. 167-171.

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Cytochromes P450 is a family of heme proteins that metabolize xenobiotics including drugs. Unique human brain cytochrome P450 enzymes metabolize xenobiotics including drugs to active/inactive metabolites through biotransformation pathways that are different from the well-characterized ones in liver. We have identified an alternate spliced functional transcript of CYP2D7 containing partial inclusion of intron 6 in human brain but not in liver or kidney from the same individual. Genotyping revealed the presence of the frame-shift mutation 138delT only in those subjects who expressed the brain variant CYP2D7, which metabolizes codeine exclusively to morphine unlike hepatic CYP2D6 that metabolizes codeine to nor codeine and morphine. CYP1A1 bioactivates polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to reactive DNA binding metabolites and initiates carcinogenesis. We have identified a unique splice variant of CYP1A1 having deletion of 87 bp of exon 6 which is present in human brain but not in liver of the same individual. We present evidence for the existence of biotransformation pathways in human brain that are dissimilar from known pathways in liver. Identification and characterization of novel CNS-specific P450 enzymes generated by alternate splicing of known genes or as yet unidentified genes may help predict consequences of exposure to xenobiotics including pesticides in the brain.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 06:57
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 06:57
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/560

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