[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Kenchappa, RS and Diwakar, L and Annepu, J and Ravindranath, V (2004) Estrogen and neuroprotection: higher constitutive expression of glutaredoxin in female mice offers protection against MPTP-mediated neurodegeneration. FASEB J, 18 (10). pp. 1102-1104.

[img] Text
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1532Kb) | Request a copy


Incidence of Parkinson's disease is lower in women as compared with men. Although neuroprotective effect of estrogen is recognized, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. MPTP (1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6, tetrahydro-pyridine), a neurotoxin that causes Parkinson's disease-like symptoms acts through inhibition of mitochondrial complex I. Administration of MPTP to male mice results in loss of dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra, whereas female mice are unaffected. Oxidation of critical thiol groups by MPTP disrupts mitochondrial complex I, and up-regulation of glutaredoxin (a thiol disulfide oxidoreductase) is essential for recovery of complex I. Early events following MPTP exposure, such as increased AP1 transcription, loss of glutathione, and up-regulation of glutaredoxin mRNA is seen only in male mice, indicating that early response to neurotoxic insult does not occur in females. Pretreatment of female mice with ICI 182,780, estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist sensitizes them to MPTP-mediated complex I dysfunction. Constitutive expression of glutaredoxin is significantly higher in female mice as compared with males. ICI 182,780 down-regulates glutaredoxin activity in female mouse brain regions (midbrain and striatum), indicating that glutaredoxin expression is regulated through estrogen receptor signaling. Higher constitutive expression of glutaredoxin could potentially contribute to the neuroprotection seen in female mouse following exposure to neurotoxins, such as MPTP.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 10:30
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 10:30
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/545

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item