[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Upadhya, SC and Chinta, SJ and Pai, HV and Boyd, MR and Ravindranath, V (2002) Toxicological consequences of differential regulation of cytochrome p450 isoforms in rat brain regions by phenobarbital. Arch Biochem Biophys, 399 (1). pp. 56-65.

[img] Text
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (536Kb) | Request a copy


Cytochrome P4502B is an isoform of cytochrome P450 (P450) that is induced by the anticonvulsant drug phenobarbital. Here, we demonstrate the constitutive expression and predominant localization of CYP2B in neurons of rat brain. Administration of phenobarbital to rats resulted in selective induction of P450 levels in cortex and midbrain, while other regions were unaffected. Immunohistochemical localization of P4502B in brains of phenobarbital treated rats revealed localization of P4502B in neuronal cells, most predominantly the reticular neurons in midbrain. The anticancer agent 9-methoxy-N(2)-methylellipticinium acetate (MMEA) has been shown to exhibit preferential neuronal toxicity in vitro. Pretreatment of rats with phenobarbital potentiated the toxicity of intrathecally administered MMEA in vivo, as seen by the degeneration of reticular neurons. Thus, induction of P450 in selective regions of brain by phenobarbital would profoundly influence xenobiotic metabolism in these regions, especially in clinical situations where phenobarbital is coadministered with other psychoactive drugs/xenobiotics.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2020 09:28
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2020 09:28
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/543

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item