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Madan, E and Dikshit, B and Gowda, SH and Srivastava, C and Sarkar, C and Chattopadhyay, P and Sinha, S and Chosdol, K (2016) FAT1 is a novel upstream regulator of HIF1α and invasion of high grade glioma. International Journal of Cancer, 139 (11). pp. 2570-2582.

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The hypoxic microenvironment is an important contributor of glioblastoma (GBM) aggressiveness via HIF1α, while tumour inflammation is profoundly influenced by FAT Atypical Cadherin (FAT1). This study was designed to explore the functional interaction and significance of FAT1 and HIF1α under severe hypoxia-mimicking tumour microenvironment in primary human tumours. We first identified a positive correlation of FAT1 with HIF1α and its target genes in GBM tumour specimens, revealing the significance of the FAT1-HIF1α axis in glioma cells. We found that severe hypoxia leads to an increased expression of FAT1 and HIF1α in U87MG and U373MG cells. To reveal the relevance of FAT1 under hypoxic conditions, we depleted endogenous FAT1 under hypoxia and found a substantial reduction in the expression of HIF1α and its downstream target genes like CA9, GLUT1, VEGFA, MCT4, HK2, BNIP3 and REDD1, as well as a significant reduction in the invasiveness in GBM cells. At the molecular level, under hypoxia the FAT1 depletion-associated reduction in HIF1α was due to compromised EGFR-Akt signaling as well as increased VHL-dependent proteasomal degradation of HIF1α. In brief, for the first time, these results reveal an upstream master regulatory role of FAT1 in the expression and role of HIF1α under hypoxic conditions and that FAT1-HIF1α axis controls the invasiveness of GBM. Hence, FAT1 represents a novel potential therapeutic target for GBM.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 07:25
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 04:12
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/53

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