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Mukherjee, Sriparna and Akbar, Irshad and Bhagat, Reshma and Hazra, Bibhabasu and Bhattacharyya, Arindam and Seth, Pankaj and Roy, Dipanjan and Basu, Anirban (2019) Identification and Classification of Hubs in Microrna Target Gene Networks in Human Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Following Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection. mSphere, 4 (5). e00588-19.


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RNA viruses are known to modulate host microRNA (miRNA) machinery for their own benefit. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a neurotropic RNA virus, has been reported to manipulate several miRNAs in neurons or microglia. However, no report indicates a complete sketch of the miRNA profile of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs), hence the focus of our current study. We used an miRNA array of 84 miRNAs in uninfected and JEV-infected human neuronal progenitor cells and primary neural precursor cells isolated from aborted fetuses. Severalfold downregulation of hsa-miR-9-5p, hsa-miR-22-3p, hsa-miR-124-3p, and hsa-miR-132-3p was found postinfection in both of the cell types compared to the uninfected cells. Subsequently, we screened for the target genes of these miRNAs and looked for the biological pathways that were significantly regulated by the genes. The target genes involved in two or more pathways were sorted out. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks of the miRNA target genes were formed based on their interaction patterns. A binary adjacency matrix for each gene network was prepared. Different modules or communities were identified in those networks by community detection algorithms. Mathematically, we identified the hub genes by analyzing their degree centrality and participation coefficient in the network. The hub genes were classified as either provincial (P < 0.4) or connector (P > 0.4) hubs. We validated the expression of hub genes in both cell line and primary cells through qRT-PCR after JEV infection and respective miR mimic transfection. Taken together, our findings highlight the importance of specific target gene networks of miRNAs affected by JEV infection in NSPCs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2019 04:49
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 09:54
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/522

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