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Sen, S and Parishar, P and Pundir, AS and Reiner, A and Iyengar, S (2019) The Expression of Tyrosine Hydroxylase and Darpp-32 in the House Crow (Corvus Splendens) Brain. J Comp Neurol., 527 (11). pp. 1801-1836.

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Abstract

Birds of the family Corvidae which includes diverse species such as crows, rooks, ravens, magpies, jays, and jackdaws are known for their amazing abilities at problem‐solving. Since the catecholaminergic system, especially the neurotransmitter dopamine, plays a role in cognition, we decided to study the distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate‐limiting enzyme in the synthesis of catecholamines in the brain of house crows (Corvus splendens). We also studied the expression of DARPP‐32 (dopamine and cAMP‐regulated phosphoprotein), which is expressed in dopaminoceptive neurons. Our results demonstrated that as in other avian species, the expression of both TH and DARPP‐32 was highest in the house crow striatum. The caudolateral nidopallium (NCL, the avian analogue of the mammalian prefrontal cortex) could be differentiated from the surrounding pallial regions based on a larger number of TH‐positive “baskets” of fibers around neurons in this region and greater intensity of DARPP‐32 staining in the neuropil in this region. House crows also possessed distinct nuclei in their brains which corresponded to song control regions in other songbirds. Whereas immunoreactivity for TH was higher in the vocal control region Area X compared to the surrounding MSt (medial striatum) in house crows, staining in RA and HVC was not as prominent. Furthermore, the arcopallial song control regions RA (nucleus robustus arcopallialis) and AId (intermediate arcopallium) were strikingly negative for DARPP‐32 staining, in contrast to the surrounding arcopallium. Patterns of immunoreactivity for TH and DARPP‐32 in “limbic” areas such as the hippocampus, septum, and extended amygdala have also been described.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2019 09:21
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 09:21
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/501

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