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Sharma, AK and Kumar, A and Teneja, G and Nagaich, U and Deep, A and Datusalia, AK and Rajput, SK (2018) Combined and individual strategy of exercise generated preconditioning and low dose copper nanoparticles serve as superlative approach to ameliorate ISO-induced myocardial infarction in rats. Pharmacological Reports, 70 (4). pp. 789-795.

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Myocardial infarction (MI) is a solitary fatal condition with towering prevalence of mortality worldwide. Our previous study reports that low-dose copper nanoparticles (CuNP) can halt the progression of diabetes-induced cardiotoxicity as copper has anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative and anti-oxidant potential. Inaddition, exercise training has also been considered a hallmark for cardiac health. Method Cardioprotective potential of CuNP (1 mg/kg/day, po, 4 weeks) and exercise (swimming, 90 min, 5 days/4 weeks) either alone or in combination was estimated by measuring the surge in serum nitrite/nitrate concentration and reduction in creatine kinase MB (CKMB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), lipid profile, oxidative stress, structural abnormalities against isproterenol (ISO)-induced MI. Results ISO significantly increased CKMB, LDH, cTnI, lipid alteration, oxidative stress, structural abnormalities and decrease nitrite/nitrate concentration in serum. Quantitative estimation of total and phosphorylated Akt(SER-473)/GSK-3b(SER-9) indicated the significant reduction in pAkt and pGSK-3b in ISO treated animal. Individual and combined treatment of CuNP and exercise significantly reduce ISO -induced CKMB, cTnI, LDH, and improve nitrite/nitrate concentration and lipid profile. Attenuation of myocardial oxidative stress and serum TBARS revealed the associated preconditioning effect of exercise and CuNP against oxidative stress. Exercise and CuNP also showed the protective potential against structural abnormalities. However, the cardioprotective effect of individual and combined strategy of exercise and CuNP was vanished by wortmannin and also avoid the downregulation of pGSK-3b. Conclusion Low-dose CuNP and exercise training significantly prevents ISO-induced MI through preconditioning and GSK-3b inhibition. Ability to upsurge the NO level, lipid profile and reduced oxidative stress improve the potency of combined strategy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 08:44
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2018 08:44
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/430

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