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Srivastava, C and Khan, I and Dikshit, B and Chattopadhyay, P and Sarkar, C and Gupta, DK and Sinha, S and Chosdol, K (2018) FAT1 modulates EMT and stemness genes expression in hypoxic glioblastoma. International Journal of Cancer, 142 (4). pp. 805-812.

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FAT1 modulates EMT and stemness genes expression in hypoxic glioblastoma.pdf
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Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is characterized by the presence of hypoxia, stemness and local invasiveness. We have earlier demonstrated that FAT1 promotes invasiveness, inflammation and upregulates HIF-1α expression and its signaling in hypoxic GBM. Here, we have identified the role of FAT1 in regulating EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) and stemness characteristics in GBM. The expression of FAT1, EMT (Snail/LOX/Vimentin/N-cad), stemness (SOX2/OCT4/Nestin/REST) and hypoxia markers (HIF-1α/VEGF/PGK1/CA9) was upregulated in ≥39% of GBM tumors (n = 31) with significant positive correlation (p ≤ 0.05) of the expression of FAT1 with LOX/Vimentin/SOX2/HIF-1α/PGK1/VEGF/CA9. Furthermore, positive correlation (p ≤ 0.01) of FAT1 with Vimentin/N-cad/SOX2/REST/HIF-1α has been observed in TCGA GBM-dataset (n = 430). Analysis of cells (U87MG/A172) exposed to severe hypoxia (0.2%O2 ) revealed elevated mRNA expression of FAT1, EMT (Snail/LOX/Vimentin/N-cad), stemness (SOX2/OCT4/Nestin/REST) and hypoxia markers (HIF-1α/PGK1/VEGF/CA9) as compared to their normoxic (20%O2 ) counterparts. FAT1 knockdown in U87MG/A172 maintained in severe hypoxia and in normoxic primary glioma cultures led to significant reduction of EMT/stemness markers as compared to controls. HIF-1α knockdown in U87MG cells markedly reduced the expression of all the EMT/stemness markers studied except for Nestin and SOX2 which were more under the influence of FAT1. This indicates FAT1 has a novel regulatory effect on EMT/stemness markers both via or independent of HIF-1α. The functional relevance of our study was corroborated by significant reduction in the number of soft-agar colonies formed in hypoxic-siFAT1 treated U87MG cells. Hence, our study for the first time reveals FAT1 as a novel regulator of EMT/stemness in hypoxic GBM and suggests FAT1 as a potential therapeutic candidate.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 06:24
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2018 06:24
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/425

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