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Gowda, P and Patrick, S and Singh, A and Sheikh, T and Sen, E (2018) Mutant Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1 Disrupts PKM2–β-Catenin–BRG1 Transcriptional Network-Driven CD47 Expression. Molecular and Cellular Biology , 38 (9). e00001-18.

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Mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 disrupts PKM2-β-catenin- BRG1 transcriptional network-driven CD47 expression.pdf
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Abstract

A gain-of-function mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) affects immune surveillance in gliomas. As elevated CD47 levels are associated with immune evasion in cancers, its status in gliomas harboring mutant IDH1 (IDH1-MT cells) was investigated. Decreased CD47 expression in IDH1-R132H-overexpressing cells was accompanied by diminished nuclear β-catenin, pyruvate kinase isoform M2 (PKM2), and TCF4 levels compared to those in cells harboring wild-type IDH1 (IDH1-WT cells). The inhibition of β-catenin in IDH1-WT cells abrogated CD47 expression, β-catenin–TCF4 interaction, and the transactivational activity of β-catenin/TCF4. The reverse effect was observed in IDH1-MT cells upon the pharmacological elevation of nuclear β-catenin levels. Genetic and pharmacological manipulation of nuclear PKM2 levels in IDH1-WT and IDH1-MT cells suggested that PKM2 is a positive regulator of the β-catenin–TCF4 interaction. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data sets indicated diminished CD47, PKM2, and β-catenin levels in IDH1-MT gliomas compared to IDH1-WT gliomas. Also, elevated BRG1 levels with mutations in the ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling site were observed in IDH1-MT glioma. The ectopic expression of ATPase-deficient BRG1 diminished CD47 expression as well as TCF4 occupancy on its promoter. Sequential chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP–re-ChIP) revealed the recruitment of the PKM2–β-catenin–BRG1–TCF4 complex to the TCF4 site on the CD47 promoter. This occupancy translated into CD47 transcription, as a diminished recruitment of this complex was observed in glioma cells bearing IDH1-R132H. In addition to its involvement in CD47 transcriptional regulation, PKM2–β-catenin–BRG1 cross talk affected the phagocytosis of IDH1-MT cells by microglia.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2018 05:38
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2018 05:38
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/421

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