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Srivastava, A and Dixit, AB and Banerjee, J and Tripathi, M and Sarat, Chandra P (2016) Role of inflammation and its miRNA based regulation in epilepsy: Implications for therapy. Clinica Chimica Acta, 452. pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

There is a need to develop innovative therapeutic strategies to counteract epilepsy, a common disabling neurological disorder. Despite the recent advent of additional antiepileptic drugs and respective surgery, the treatment of epilepsy remains a major challenge. The available therapies are largely based on symptoms, and these approaches do not affect the underlying disease processes and are also associated frequently with severe side effects. This is mainly because of the lack of well-defined targets in epilepsy. The discovery that inflammatory mediators significantly contribute to the onset and recurrence of seizures in experimental seizure models, as well as the presence of inflammatory molecules in human epileptogenic tissue, highlights the possibility of targeting specific inflammation related pathways to control seizures that are otherwise resistant to the available AEDs. Emerging studies suggest that miRNAs have a significant role in regulating inflammatory pathways shown to be involved in epilepsy. These miRNAs can possibly be used as novel therapeutic targets in the treatment of epilepsy as well as serve as diagnostic biomarkers of epileptogenesis. This review highlights the immunological features underlying the pathogenesis of epileptic seizures and the possible miRNA mediated approaches for drug resistant epilepsies that modulate the immune-mediated pathogenesis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Depositing User: Mr D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 04 May 2017 06:00
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2017 05:24
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/41

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