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Jana, NR and Dikshit, P and Goswami, A and Nukina, N (2004) Inhibition of proteasomal function by curcumin induces apoptosis through mitochondrial pathway. THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 279 (12). pp. 11680-11685.

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Abstract

Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound having an antiproliferative property, which recent evidence suggests is due to its ability to induce apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms through which curcumin induces apoptosis are not fully understood. Here, we report that the curcumin-induced apoptosis is mediated through the impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Exposure of curcumin to the mouse neuro 2a cells causes a dose-dependent decrease in proteasome activity and an increase in ubiquitinated proteins. Curcumin exposure also decreases the turnover of the destabilized enhanced green fluorescence protein, a model substrate for proteasome and cellular p53 protein. Like other proteasome inhibitors, curcumin targets proliferative cells more efficiently than differentiated cells and induces apoptosis via mitochondrial pathways. Addition of curcumin to neuro 2a cells induces a rapid decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and the release of cytochrome c into cytosol, followed by activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 17 May 2018 08:47
Last Modified: 20 May 2018 04:58
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/405

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