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Kumari, P and Balakumar, S and Banerjee, Sourav (2017) Modulation of hippocampal synapse maturation by activity-regulated E3 ligase via non-canonical pathway. Neuroscience, 19 (364). pp. 226-241.

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Development of functional synapses is crucial for the transmission and storage of information in the brain. Post establishment of the initial synaptic contact, synapses are stabilized through neuronal activity-induced signals. Emerging studies have implicated ubiquitination; a reversible posttranslational modification, as a key regulatory switch that modulates synapse development through proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitination of proteins is precisely regulated by E3 ligases, a set of enzymes that bind to specific substrates to facilitate the conjugation of monomeric or polymeric ubiquitin. However, the identity of specific E3 ubiquitin ligases that influence activity-dependent maturation of synapses and the mechanism by which ubiquitination of proteins regulate functional synapse development remain elusive. Here, we have identified a RING domain containing E3 ligase, Rnf2, asan activity-regulated factor that modulates glutamatergic synapse development in the hippocampus. Rnf2 is a synapse associated E3 ligase that is stabilized by neuronal activity through self-polyubiquitination. We have shown that neuronal activity shifts the balance toward stabilization of Rnf2 through self-polyubiquitination rather than triggering its degradation through polyubiquitination by Ube3A, an E3 ligase implicated in Angelman Syndrome. Our synapse density measurements and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings have revealed that the loss of Rnf2 function in cultured hippocampal neurons result in the development of 'silent' synapses that lack GluA1 containing functional AMPA receptors. These results provide a plausible mechanistic approach toward understanding how synapse maturation is regulated via the activity-dependent stabilization of Rnf2 through a non-canonical function of polyubiquitination.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 01 Jan 2018 06:51
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 09:03
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/282

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