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Majumdar, Atreye and Ahmad, Fahim and Sheikh, Touseef and Bhagat, Reshma and Pathak, Pankaj and Joshi, Shanker Datt and Seth, Pankaj and Tandon, Vivek and Tripathi, Manjari and Sarat Chandra, P. and Sarkar, Chitra and Sen, Ellora (2017) miR-217-casein kinase-2 cross talk regulates ERK activation in ganglioglioma. J Mol Med (Berl), 95 (11). pp. 1215-1226.

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Gangliogliomas (GGs) are the most commonly diagnosed long-term epilepsy-associated tumors (LEATs). Although molecular characterizations of brain tumors have identified few novel biomarkers among the LEATs, mechanisms of pathogenesis remain poorly understood. In this study, global microarray-based microRNA (miRNA) expression profile on a set of 9 GGs indicated 66 miRNAs to be differentially expressed in GG as compared to normal brain. The differences validated by qRT-PCR indicated microRNA-217 to be the most downregulated. Through insilico analysis, ERK1/2 and casein kinase (CK-2α) were predicted to be miR-217 regulated. As decreased miR-217 expression was concomitant with upregulated ERK1/2 and CK-2α levels in GG; the interplay between these molecules was investigated in primary human neural precursor cells to mimic the glioneuronal characteristics of these tumors. miR-217 over-expression-mediated decrease in pERK, CK-2α, and mGluR1 levels was accompanied with increase in glycogen accumulation. Importantly, increase in miR-217 levels upon CK-2α inhibition indicated inverse correlation between the two. Inhibition of CK-2α also decreased ERK and mGluR1 levels. By demonstrating, for the first time, the existence of miR-217-CK-2 cross talk and its effects on known epileptogenic factors, these findings provide a unique insight into the pathogenesis of ganglioglioma. By highlighting the role of CK-2 in affecting miR-217/ERK/mGluR1 interplay, this study suggests that targeting CK-2 may afford a novel strategy aimed at LEATs. KEY MESSAGES: Global microarray of ganglioglioma indicates downregulation of miR-217. Decreased miR-217 expression is concomitant with elevated CK-2α and Erk levels. Inverse correlation between miR-217 and CK-2α in primary human neural precursors. miR-217 agomir or CK-2α inhibition decreases pERK and mGluR1 levels. CK-2α affects miR-217/ERK/mGluR1 interplay in long-term epilepsy-associated tumors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2017 08:53
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 05:14
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/263

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