[feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0

Hartzell, JF and Davis, B and Melcher, D and Miceli, G and Jovicich, J and Nath, T and Singh, NC and Hasson, U (2016) Brains of verbal memory specialists show anatomical differences in language, memory and visual systems. Neuroimage, 131. pp. 181-192.

[img] Text
90_Brains of verbal memory specialists show anatomical differences in language, memory and visual systems.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1273Kb) | Request a copy

Abstract

We studied a group of verbal memory specialists to determine whether intensive oral text memory is associated with structural features of hippocampal and lateral-temporal regions implicated in language processing. Professional Vedic Sanskrit Pandits in India train from childhood for around 10years in an ancient, formalized tradition of oral Sanskrit text memorization and recitation, mastering the exact pronunciation and invariant content of multiple 40,000-100,000 word oral texts. We conducted structural analysis of gray matter density, cortical thickness, local gyrification, and white matter structure, relative to matched controls. We found massive gray matter density and cortical thickness increases in Pandit brains in language, memory and visual systems, including i) bilateral lateral temporal cortices and ii) the anterior cingulate cortex and the hippocampus, regions associated with long and short-term memory. Differences in hippocampal morphometry matched those previously documented for expert spatial navigators and individuals with good verbal working memory. The findings provide unique insight into the brain organization implementing formalized oral knowledge systems.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 08:39
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 08:38
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/208

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item