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Nazmi, Arshed and Ariff, Iqbal Mohamed and Dutta, Kallol and Kundu, Kiran and Basu, Anirban (2014) Neural stem/progenitor cells induce conversion of encephalitogenic T cells into CD4+-CD25+- FOXP3+ regulatory T cells. Viral Immunol, 27 (2). pp. 48-59.

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An immune role of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) has been proposed in many recent studies; however much still remains to be elucidated. In the current investigation, we report that NSPCs possess the ability to convert encephalitogenic T cells into CD4(+)-CD25(+)-FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (T(reg)). Encephalitogenic and nonencephalitogenic T cells isolated from sham and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) infected animals were co-cultured with mouse NSPCs. Post co-culture, significant increase in the number of T(regs) was observed from encephalitogenic T cells co-cultured with NSPCs. This increased conversion was found to be dependent on direct contact between T cells and NSPCs. Neutralization of TGF-β and IFN-γ in NSPC cultures abrogated this increased conversion of encephalitogenic T cells into T(regs). Flow cytometric, quantitative RT-PCR, and immunoblot analysis of both T cells and NSPCs revealed surface and intracellular changes post co-culture. Co-stimulatory molecules (B7) and ICAM-1 were increased on NSPCs post co-culture; levels of TGFβ, IFNγ, and TGFβR1 were also increased in NSPCs. This study provides a basic insight into the interaction between CNS-infiltrating encephalitogenic T cells and NSPCs during viral encephalitis. Conversion of encephalitogenic T cells into CD4(+)-CD25(+)-FOXP3(+) T(regs) through interaction with NSPCs indicates an attempt in regulation of excessive inflammation in the CNS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Neurodegenerative Disorders
Neuro-Oncological Disorders
Neurocognitive Processes
Neuronal Development and Regeneration
Informatics and Imaging
Genetics and Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Dr. D.D. Lal
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2017 05:54
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 05:03
URI: http://nbrc.sciencecentral.in/id/eprint/160

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